World Social Forum: Work in Progress, Bombay, 2004
Cinematographer: Paromita Vohra
Duration: 00:59:32; Aspect Ratio: 1.333:1; Hue: 23.651; Saturation: 0.103; Lightness: 0.313; Volume: 0.277; Cuts per Minute: 19.180; Words per Minute: 83.725
Summary: The World Social Forum originated in Porto Alegre, Brazil as a joint platform of various groups working on an anti-globalisation platform including the French group ATTAC. The first WSF was partly supported by the Porto Alegre government led by the Brazilian Worker’s Party. It was attended by 12,000 people from around the world. In the following years the event grew in size and support and in its 4th year, it was held outside Brazil for the first time, in Mumbai, India. It was attended by over 75,000 people. It was notable for having marked participation from indigenous people’s movements and highlighting issues of caste, sexualities and gender, besides a significant incorporation of art and performance as a site of politics as well as protest. As part of the activities we ran a video bulletin where media students who had been in a workshop for three weeks, where they learnt about the political issues as well as the journalistic challenges of covering such an event, worked with professional camera, sound and editing technicians as well as a group of three supervising editors/producers. The bulletin played on TV sets spread across the WSF grounds. Part of the intent was to involve local media students and future media practitioners in a significant political moment. But the impulse and shape of the exercise was also a response to the growing idea of radical documentation in the indy-media mode- unedited and supposedly uncommenting and by extension the assumption that to be amateur/raw/instantaneous/access technology was to automatically be radical. While acknowledging the power of many of these approaches within the moment of something like the Seattle protests, the video bulletin sought to take the discussion ahead and think about documentation from a space of political thought, to communicate political ideas and not documentation as political by default. Among the considerations was how to document an event of such scale and multiplicity with as much diversity as possible, but also with lasting value as a document of response. Hence the mixture of the professional and the amateur, the journalistic and the impressionistic, the guided and the completely personal was evolved. The bulletins were presented in a newsmagazine format and were of varying lengths. The film Work in Progress was put together from the approximately 80 hours of material generated in the process. Editing the film was a challenge precisely because of the wildly varied nature of the material, shot by 6 different camera people directed at various times by either of 18 different student directors in a space where one thing was constantly interrupting another. Eventually the film sought to knit together this diversity without smoothening it into unity, by using a concert style. We kept in mind the central themes that were discussed at the WSF, but also looked for the different eyes and ears that had recorded it and used that to create some pattern in texture and representation, to present a sense of this event and the political ideas that it is composed of.
Though PADMA is essentially a site for unedited footage, we have made an exception in this case to put an edited film. The main reason is that the collection of footage runs in 100 hours. Besides, since the material is shot by different groups of people even the edited film represents multiple views of the event.
Grant road, Bombay
Slogan: (Spanish)A anti anti capitalista-..
Slogan: (Hindi) Awaz do hum ek hai (Call out loud, we are one)-
Iraq's streets are desolate
George Bush is a murderer-
Gujarat's streets are desolate
Narendra Modi is a murderer-.
What's the big deal about being gay,
It's loving and being loved. (quote from the popular Bollywood flick)
Title card: During WSF 2004, we ran a spot video bulletin with student reporters. This film has been created from material gathered during that process.
Title: One day in Bombay-
People walking outside grant road station- crowded road, people passing by. A massive rally of people from 130 countries walk together singing, dancing, shouting slogans, holding banners, staging plays ... from August Kranti maidan to Azad maidan on 21 January 2004. They are marching to the venue of closing programme of the World Social Forum 2004.
STOP THE WAR rally, people shouting slogan.
A very large multicolour horizontal banner - 'our world is not for sale'- being carried by many people and amidst slogan in Hindi. Low angle shot of placards against the blue sky. One placard reads: Unite Against Imperialism! Becom a Weapon of Mass Dissent.
A rally against terrorism, people chanting in Hindi.
'STOP FORCED EVICTION' rally. People holding banners and picture of Mahatma Gandhi. A sea of people from many countries and races walk together through Bombay's cityscape.
Policeman standing on a bullock cart and instructing the crowd.
Shots of people walking holding banners and placards with the audio of drum beats.
Rally on rights to sexuality.
A red flag thrown skywards.
People dancing to drum beats.
A group plays 'the Internationale' on wind instruments. People dance around them.
bombay street rally
wsf closing rally
Red flags fluttering in the air.
India's popular singer Subha Mudgal's voice on the track.
The ground of historic Azad Maidan. The closing ceremony of WSF 2004 begins. Evening is setting in. The massive stage is decked up with 40 feet tall mannequins. The mannequins are made by the artisans who make icons for Ramleela in Delhi. Shubha greets the audience in English. Shots of Subha singing juxtaposed with the shots of the rally.
Work in Progress
Crowd milling around the entrances of Azad Maidan, chanting, holding banners.
Black and white images of the previous editions of the social forum held at Seattle and Washington superimposed with title cards.
1. 1. Title cards - 1971 First World Economic Forum held in Davos. Less than 10% members
from Asia or Africa.
2. 2. Title card -1994 GATT replaced by World Trade Organisation (WTO) Widely criticized
as pro-developed countries and multinational corporations
3. Title card -1999 50,000 protestors block delegates' entrance to WTO meeting in Seattle,USA
4.Title card - 2000 Huge protests in Washington D.C. against the IMF/ World Bank's
structural adjustment policies.
5. Title card - 2001 3 killed, hundreds injured in protests against G8 summit in Genoa.
6. Title card - 2001 First World Social Forum ... an open space to discuss alternatives to
globalization in Porto Alegre, Brazil. 12,000 attend.
7. Title card - 2002 Second WSF in Porto Alegre. 60,000 from 123 countries attend.
8, Title card -2003 12 million worldwide, protest war in Iraq
9.Title card - 2003 WTO Cancun Ministerial collapses due to protests.
10. Title card ... 2004 Fourth WSF held in Bombay, India. 130,000 attend.
Subha's song ends with a top angle shot of the 50,000 strong crowd.
Subha Mudgal: Namaskar, we'd like to begin our concert this evening with a very very very beautiful verse- written by the Pakistani poet Faiz Ahmed Faiz. - Hum Dekhenge. ("We shall see" )
When the fetters of oppression fall away
and scatter in the wind
Like wisps of cotton
Yes, we shall see
That promised day
Written on the stone of destiny,
Yes, we shall see
We shall see
Grant road, Azad Maidan
black and white
faiz ahmad faiz
history of wsf
indian political singer
work in progress
wsf closing ceremony
Gilberto Gill: Dear participants of the fourth edition of the World Social Forum.
Gil's VO:Artists, representatives of governments, intellectuals and activists, citizens of India. Dear friends.
I see here in Mumbai people from nearly all countries in the planet.
Gil:I feel the ballet and the boxing of nearly all ideas, feelings and illusions. So many people from so many places have gathered in their trajectories which now they try to share in so many languages.
(strumming his guiter)
Lets go together
Gilberto gill, the popular singer and the cultural minister of Brazil on the stage of closing ceremony.
Shot of two large curtains hanging in two sides of the stage. They are soof (patchwork) banners (stiched out of small square of textiles donated by hundreds of delegates to WSF from all over the world as a symbol of solidarity. Soof literary means patch work. The work Sufi originates from Soof). Gilberto Gil's music plays in the background as he speaks to the audience.
Gilberto Gil strums his guitar and the audience, specially the large number of youth from South America, get ecstatic. Wide shot of the audience ... multi-cultural, multi-lingual, multi-racial, colourful, upbeat and strong, together.
ballet and the boxing
brazilian minister of culture
gilberto gil in bombay
wsf closing night
Gilberto's song on the audio track.
Sudhir Patwardhan: The idea of all these people getting in into the compartments, riding there one hour, half an hour whatever and waiting to get out of it everyday and that sense of releasing, getting out of it and within that one hour when they are inside the train all the dreams and things that come to their mind of a better future so I had the image of figures flying out from the windows which kind of point towards something better.
Interview with Max Troboth: I was there for the last two WSFs and found it very- how do you say inspiring and wanted to come back and see how it goes on and what the differences are now in India to Brazil.
Title: One month earlier-
Earling morning. Shot of a Bombay local trains arriving at a deserted platforms, some people standing on the platform watching it eagerly. On the platform some of the greatest contemporary artists of India paint the outside of the bogies as a statement of artists' solidarity to WSF. (170 artists and art students had painted two trains with messages to WSF. The train would run for a month prior to WSF on Bombay tracks spreading the news of WSF's arrival.) Details of the painting activities. Sudhir Patwardhan, the senior artist from Bombay who have immortalized the commuters of local trains in his paintings, talks to the camera. The fully painted train give a trail run. It arrives at the platform which has temporarily turned into an artists' workshop. Some artists watch.
Preparation for the World Social Forum at the venue ground at NESCO in Goregaon - carpenters working on mounting an exhibition with a board announcing 'Stop USA' lying near them.
A television showing video letters (result of an open call to artists and activists all over the world to send a video letter to WSF. 74 short films were sent).
Shots of the venue map, stage being constructed, some men tying 'humanscape' banner in the stall. A quote from Brazilian delegate Max Troboth. The voice of Gilberto still continues as if to energise the tired people still trying to meet the deadline in finishing all the logistic arrangements. shot of TVs arranged in a line showing video letters.
'STOP VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN' poster being unfolded by two women. In exhibition on Bombay site different nomenclature of the city are engraved on a factory chimney. Monks in red with Tibetan flags pass by. The stage is ready for the universe of World Social Forum to descend in Mumbai.
artists and trains
stop violence against women
Chris Nineham: Welcome everyone to the World Social Forum 2004-
Alex Callinocos: Hello comrades, as far as I know this is the first meeting from different parts of the world that the IS tendency has held in Asia. And it's a very exciting moment. Part of the purpose of this first caucus is political orientation. And therefore we have to have some understanding of the nature of the left in India.
Dr. Ramdayal MundaL (in Jharkhandi): another World is Possible.
Peace group from North East India: We Want Peace and Justice.
A Japanese man: (with a placard around his neck announcing Seminar: Global Hibakusha on nuclear weapons).
Please come and join us to abolish nuclear weapons. Please come from 1 o'clock to 4 o'clock at hall four. Please come and join us. Thank you very much.
Children singing for child rights.
Song by Junoon band.
Chico Whitaker speaks from the opening stage:
You know that the first World Social Forum was in Brazil 2001. When it was a big success we said we cannot stop it but also we cannot continue to do this meeting only in Brazil, we must repeat this experience all over the world.
Low angle shot of a drummer playing. It is the popular youth band Instituto from Sao Paulo. Entrance to the WSF 2004 venue at NESCO ground in Goregaon, Mumbai. Estimatedly 130,000 people attended the forum in 2004.
STOP THE WAR meeting in the open air. Chris Nineham and Alex Callinocos address the audience which mainly comprise of young people. People making flags. In another part of the crowded ground people are taking photographs ... personal mementos, professional assignments, historic documentation- Ramdayal Munda, eminent tribal scholar, artist and former Vice Chancellor of Ranchi University leading a cultural squad of tribal artist. The impressive figure of Dr. Munda playing a huge drum and lead the group of artists wearing Chau (tribal dance form from Bihar, Jharkhand and Orissa) musks.
Shots of the opening ceremony at the NESCO ground. The historic event was attended by 70,000 people. On the massive stage under the evening magic light perform the Pakistani band Junoon. Behind them a large map of the World makes the backdrop. That's is the beginning moment of WSF 2004. The huge crowd is bursting with energy, hope and possibility. Even the veteran trade union leaders get affected and make a jig like teenagers. The song of Junoon continues as a large of Indian women enter into a bus in a row ... the badge of World Social Forum proudly displayed on them. Opening stage. Chiko Whitaker, one of the veterans of the Forum at the opening ceremony.
another world is possible
ram dayal munda
stop the war
trade union leaders
world social forum
At the 'Control Arms' stall: Anna Mc donald campaigns for photo petition. She gets herself photographed as a demonstration of the campaign idea. Her t-shirt message: Control Arms and she holds a placard: Make me safe from armed violence. She gives interview standing in front of a tall vertical banner: The arms trade is out of control / Uncontrolled arm fuel poverty & suffering / Act Now
Art installation site: camera tilts down through a huge film roll hanging from the ceiling. Sunlight falls through the high ceiling of the industrial building. Medha Patkar, the famed leader of Narmada Bachao (Save Narmada) movement speaks at a conference.
WSF 2004 had also organised a large scale international film festival, both documentary and feature. Shot of the festival venue. 'Corporation' (Canadian documentary on the corporatisation/globalization, made by Mark Achbar, Jennifer Abbott and Joel Bakan) being screened.
People come out of the screening room at the film festival venue.
Peace activisit Anna Mcdonald (in front of the photo petition skectches)
It is a photo petition called 'Million Faces' and we ask asking people to add their faces to our campaign. So you come in, you either have your photograph taken or you draw a picture of yourself and we are going to put it online. Because the arms trade is again very faceless, it's very anonymous. You don't know who is involved and we say the arms trade might be faceless but we are not. We are not afraid to put our face to our call.
For governments to act to end this crisis.
Medha Patkar: We are not only saying that alternate world is possible but we are defining that alternative paradigm, that alternative politics, that alternative economy which is going to be based on the people's right to resources, people's right to developmental planning and people's right to evolve new policies.
Shots of the film Corporation:
One hundred and fifty years ago the business corporation was a relatively insignificant institution. Today it is all pervasive like the church, the monarchy and the communist party in other times and places. The corporation is today's dominant institution.
Another part of the film (animation): A whole galaxy of things to make a better life on earth.
million faces now
wsf film festival
Michael Albert and Hamsafar
At the exhibition site. Exhibition on Bombay. . In the installation of workers' quarters run a set of televisions showing excerpts from films on Bombay. Scene from Ketan Mehta's Jaane Bhi Do Yaaron, the iconic film on Bombay. Camera tilts down a replica of a factory chimney - scribbled poem 'Mumbai' by Narayan Surve (in Marathi and English) scribbled on it.
Nomenclatures of the city: Bom Bahia / Bombay / Mumbai.
Interview of Neera Adarkar, Architect and activist in Bandh Girni Kamgar Samiti (Closed Mills Workers' Union). Interview with trade union leader Datta Iswalkar.
Popular Marathi folk song of the migrant workers (Mazhi Maina):
My lovebird I've left her in the village
My heart is alone and restless
Neera Adarkar: Economy of Bombay actually was based on the textile mill industry. People of Girangaon were mainly workers who migrated from the other parts of Maharashtra and when they came here they brought there own cultural forms. Mills are closing down, workers are loosing their jobs and because they are losing their jobs they are getting displaced.
Trade Union leader Datta Iswalkar: (Marathi)
To ensure the security of your capital you make laws but you totally ignore the security of the workers. We cannot allow this to happen. These are the laws that we have acquired by struggling for the past 50 years. We have acquired the rights for the labourers that they should have right to employment, that employment is secured for them. I think this unorganized form of labour which is emerging now because of contract labour is very harmful. There is no security for the labourer, the owner can shut his factory any time he wants. In this there is no future for the labourer.
bandh girni kamgar samiti
shaikh jainu chand
On the large stage called 'Faiz' (named after the famous Pakisthani poet Faiz Ahmed Faiz) sing the working class bards (Shaheer in Marathi) ... Sheikh Jainu Chand and party.
Banners about labour migration in the end of the song.
Eminent economist Prabhat Patnaik speaks in the WSF plenary on Labour and Economics.
Joseph Stiglitz, Economist and former senior vice president, world bank. Some audience takes notes.
Popular Marathi folk song of the migrant workers (Mazhi Maina):
My lovebird I've left her in the village
My heart is alone and restless
Economist Prabhat Patnaik:
Flexible labour markets is a euphemism for intensifying exploitation of the workers. A view which is often put forward that we are in an era of jobless growth, that somehow this is something that we can do nothing about. Technological progress is occurring rapidly and as a result it is really impossible to conceive of a world of full employment today and unemployment therefore is a price that we have to pay for having the benefits of a rapid rate of technological progress. To think of this unemployment as something which is inevitable and has to be accepted is again both tendentious and mischievous since it detracts attention from the fundamental flaws of the system under which workers live today.
Joseph Stiglitz: We talk about economic growth. We talk about notions of poverty but we don't emphasize the fact that, as I said in the beginning one of the most important aspects of poverty is the sense of insecurity and there are many dimensions to this sense of insecurity.
There is economic security on which my discussion is focused but there are also other aspects of insecurity .Health insecurity, there is insecurity in terms of violence and many of these social dimensions, these other dimensions of insecurity are intimately linked with the kinds of economic insecurity that I discussed means that economic policy cannot be relegated or delegated to technocrats. Independent Unions Outlawed in Vietnam and China.
shaikh jainu chand
wsf plenary on labour and economics
0:19:03:21 StefIt's me and Pedro.
Steffania: Its me and- that Pedro-
This is a project called fifteen thousand kilometers for peace and we want to take part in World Social Forum and we went to first to Greece then Turkey, Iran, Pakistan and finally India.
Indian Ocean performs Kandisa: Kandisa Alahaye, Kandisa Esana
Kandisa Alahaye, Kandisa Esana
Aalam Balam Aalam, Aamenu Aamen
(a prayer of Syrian Christians)
Black and white 'found footage' of Mumbai closed mills workers' meeting and protest rallies. Superimposed on those images are cards:
1. 186 million unemployed in the world
2. Workers in the Informal sector
ASIA 45% AFRICA 80%
LATIN AMERICA 55% TO 85%
3. 500 million Workers Earn
Less than $1 a day
4. Independent Unions Outlawed in Vietnam & China
5. 200 Largest Multinationals
28% Global Trade and
1% Global Employment
Evening in the World social forum 2004 venue. Announcement on PA system, crowd- and the camera comes across Steffania and her caravan 'Fifteen thousands Kilometer of Peace' (15000 km per la pace). Her companion Pedro shows the interior of the caravan, the route map, the poster as music by Indian Ocean band fades in the audio track. Pedro and Steffania walk through the artery lane of the venue distributing leaflets.
Folk-rock band Indian Ocean perform at the closing ceremony. The 80 feet tall mannequins provide the colourful backdrop. Folk machine creates the effect as Rahul Ram sings with his guitar. Song continues -Black & white and colour shots of images behind the event: translators at work, somebody catches a cat's nap, people make new friends, run the stall, talk on walkie-talkies -
black & white
global trade and employment statistics
italian couple peace car
sleeping man in hammock
As you fled Vietnam,
So you must flee from everywhere.
Shiv Sunder: (Mumbai Resistance activist)
Choosing this venue is just an accident, because we got it. And that helped the process also. You could also cross the road and metaphorically also we invite the people to cross the road and come to MR (Mumbai Resistance)
We are discussing out what are the strategies to fight imperialism. So in that context, WSF is offering a strategy, and MR 2004 is offering another strategy. We are discussing out what are the strategies to fight imperialism. So in that context, WSF is offering a strategy, and MR 2004 is offering another strategy. We think these two stategies are fundamentally different. So they want to negotiate, they want to reform, humanise globalisation. Whereas the stage is to smash imperialism.
Title Card: Meanwhile, across the road-
Shots of the highway with wall writings of the Mumbai Resistance (MR). MR considers itself more radical and stresses "organised resistance over thinking and debate"
Title Card: Mumbai Resitance2004, a parallel conference, happens in the ground opposite the WSF.
Another card: A similar conferencewas held in Greece parallel to WSF 2003.
Shots of the MR (Mumbai Resistance) venue. A banner of Communist Organization of Greece announces: SMASH! The Imperialist Globalization! A book stall. Interview of the organizing committee member Shiv Sunder. Shot of a large paper mache globe tied with iron chain at the entrance of MR. On stage poses a group of Filipino activists with a banner: ILPS Dare to Struggle for a New World No to Imperialist Globalization and Now. Obviously much of MR's agenda and campaigns are drawn in the context of WSF.
organized resistance over thinking and debate
parallel conference to wsf
strateigies to fight imperialism
western express highway
Ram Dayal Munda: (Hindi)
This other world which we speak of-why do we seek it? It's because the one we have is insufficient. What is the root of this unhappiness - Socially , Politically, Economically, Culturally.
Jojo Fung: Aay, adivasi! Resources of the adivasi in South-East Asia are seen and also unseen. Seen because they are the forests, they are the rivers, they are the hill; unseen because it has to do with legends, stories, wisdom. It has to do with the spirits
4 million indigenous people displaced every year.
3000 languages becoming extinct due to displacement
400 Guatemalans killed in anti-dam protests.
80,000 hectares of Malaysian rainforest destroyed.
plateau area for military exercises ... for firing practice. Everytime they practiced we were forced to move 3-4 kilometers away. We would only be able to return way past midnight to find that the army had looted our homes vessels, chicken, goats. 35 of our women were gang raped by the army, and lost their lives. Finally rising aboive our differences of religion, caste and partisan politics, we formed the Peoples Struggle Organization. On 6th March 1994, once more the army issued a notice to vacate the area for firing practice. We chanted as one the slogan 'we'll give our lives but not our land' and the forest resounded with the sound of drums and chants. "Soldiers, drive your tanks over us, attack us with cannons. But we shall not move from our land." After a 10-15 minute altercation the army left. After 30 years, the people's protest, had successfully resisted the army and halted it's routine firing practice.
Title Card: Elsewhere in the city-
A group of Indian women being photographed at the sea front. They are wearing WSF badge and holding the banner: Dalit Swadhikar (autonomy) Rally. A convoy of Dalit Swadhikaran Rally. Shots of highway from running vehicles ... WSF banners with copy left art works flutter in the wind. At the venue. Afternoon at Stage Neruda, the literary platform. Musical performance by an Indian group is on.
A hand written poster: "HIROSHIMA- I saw it! The Terror and Sadness of the Atomic Bomb is Always With Me". In front of that a group of Japanese monks beat the prayer drums.
Rally of Naga people in traditional costume and large bamboo horns. Entrance of a plenary hall. A tribal woman enters with two small children to listen to Ramdayal Munda. WSF plenary on Indigenous people is on. Wide shots of the large audience. Many Indian tribal women are in the audience. Shots from Narama Bachao Andolan (Save Naramada Movement-Courtsey Sanjay Kak from his film Words on Water) Panaromic shot of tribal people's rally crossing a valley, preparation for a procession on boat- juxtaposed with stock shots from similar movements across the world for example Aboriginal movements in Australia and Chile against roads and dams that take over tribal lands.
Title card superimposed ON THOSE IMAGES:
DAMS MINES ROADS -
4 million indigenous people displaced every year. 3000 languages becoming extinct due to displacement. 400 Guatemalans killed in anti-dam protests. 80,000 hectares of Malaysian rainforest destroyed
4 millon displaced
displacement of indigenous people
global tribal movements
ram dayal munda
speech. tribal dance
western western express highway
wsf dalit rally
wsf plenary on indigenous people
Since 1956 the Indian Army has been using our plateau area for military exercises ... for firing practice. Everytime they practiced we were forced to move 3-4 kilometers away. We would only be able to return way past midnight to find that the army had looted our homes vessels, chicken, goats. 35 of our women were gang raped by the army, and lost their lives. Finally rising aboive our differences of religion, caste and partisan politics, we formed the Peoples Struggle Organization. On 6th March 1994, once more the army issued a notice to vacate the area for firing practice. We chanted as one the slogan 'we'll give our lives but not our land' and the forest resounded with the sound of drums and chants. "Soldiers, drive your tanks over us, attack us with cannons. But we shall not move from our land." After a 10-15 minute altercation the army left. After 30 years, the people's protest, had successfully resisted the army and halted it's routine firing practice.
David Holcroft :
I will talk a little bit about the situation of indigenous Australians. And I'll begin with a song also.
Song: White man come to the territory, building town building big cities, he never worries over whose country.
- what's going to happen to the worl biri-
Indian delegate Henry Tirkey speaks on state oppression and resistance activities of the tribal people. Large section of the audience comprise of indigenous people from Asia. The participation of women are substantial. Australian delegate David Holcroft begins his speech with a song. With the song we see shots of movements for the rights of indigenous people: submerged in dam water is a hut ... still hoisting the flag of Narmada Bachao Andolan. Medha Patkar and other activists in Jal Samarpan Satyagrha (in this campaign the activists refused to get evicted and tied themselves to the huts drowned in the flood water caused by the dam). A volunteer from AIPSN (All India People's Science Network) stage a novel protest against the onslaught of World Bank. His banner reads: "My pain is less compared to my country farmers". He sits in his under clothes with hanging lemons pierced on his head. Another activist lies on the ground with slogan painted on his back: "Abolish Human Scavenging". Sit in rally of the followers of Ambedkar.
chhota nagpur plateau
farmer pierced with lemons
jan sangharsh andolan
narmada bachao andolan
people's struggles organization
save narmada movement
Interview with Martin Macwan of NCDHR (National Centre for Dalit Human Rights) at the media centre. Shots of Dalit rally. Banner: Dalit Adhikar Suraksha Manch (Protection of Dalit Rights association). Procession of Dalit group wearing blue bandana. Blue is the colour of Dalit assertion. Song of the farmers from CASA, a NGO. A poster: WTO Kills Farmers!
Title cards with black and white photos of various demonstration:
1) 4 billion farmers' livelihoods threatened by seed patents.
2) 100,000 people displaced in Jharkhand for privatized water flow.
3) 25,000 Farmer suicides in India.
4) 800 million people hungry in the world every day.
5) 97% world wide patents held by industrial countries.
5 companies control 80% of the vegetable seed market.
"This is not just a consolidation of seed companies, but really a consolidation of the entire food chain." - Robert Fraley, Monsanto's seed division president, summed up the strategy.
Still photographs of protest by farmers all over the world
Martin Macwan: Here globalization means privatization, private economy. It means no land reforms, it means no labour laws, it means no reservation, it means lesser state expenditure on education and health now this is the globalization we speak about
Here globalization means privatization, private economy. It means no land reforms, it means no labour laws, it means no reservation, it means lesser state expenditure on education and health now this is the globalization we speak about. Because ultimately your life depends on the economy and that is going to devastate the whole Dalit community. Let us look back at the history. Nowhere even in those countries which are developed it has happened that the benefit which has come to the country, the economy that has improved that actually it has helped the discriminated group in those country, look at what happened in USA, look at the condition of the blacks in USA even today, growth and development of the economy has not been able to take off the racial discrimination.
Slogans in Dalit Rally: "Come on out! Come and see! The Dalit tigers have arrived!" "From every corner of the country! The Dalit tigers have arrived!"
The farmers group from CASA sing:
O! What a wonderful world! The woods, the streams, the farm, sold! The land and water, forest bought! Even the free wind-sold, isn't it a wonderful world!
national centre for dalit human rights
Interview with Jose Bove:
In this international movement where farmers from Asia, from Africa, America Europe we have similar issues. For years now we have been fighting to say that the European policy is a policy against the farmers, against the consumers and against everybody. Since the beginning of the eighties we decide to build a strong farmers movement to say we have to change a policy. We have to say that agriculture is to feed our own population. We have to stop making more agriculture than we need that's why we say we can change the way we can make agriculture. That we work very strongly also with all the consumers because it is important to make a big movement from people from the field and people from the town.
We have a world water crisis. the world is running out of water. We don't have enough and we are abusing what we have. We are polluting the surface water so much and so fast that we are now mining the ground water way faster than nature can replenish it. But that's not enough for the big corporations, the World Bank and the World Trade Organization they are now moving in to take corporate control of what's left of the world's water. They see it as blue gold, the most precious resource, the most precious commodity in the world as they know that people will do anything for water and that we can't live without water. So, what they are doing is they want to put it in the open market for sale commodify it, privatize it, sell it to the highest bidder and for people who can't afford it they don't care, they will let them die.
Jose Bove of Via Campesina of France speaks. Shot of farmers' of various nationality holding up a long banner and dancing. Shots of the audience in the farmers' plenary. Maude Barlow, policy critic, Canada addresses the conference. Jose Bove is part of the panel.
european food policy
wsf plenary on environment and ecology
A woman reads out message written on her t-shirt: " The job of a citizen is to keep his mouth open. Gunter Grass ... Aaa!"
My name is Ababu. I am from Kenya where the sun shines for fourteen months. Another world is possible, together.
Song- Guantanamera- Guantanamera-
Nora Cortinas: (Spanish): No to global aid, Yes to life.
Nora Cortinas: (Spanish)
I had a son-He disappeared in 1977. The mothers of missing children marched together in the square. We realized our children were being persecuted for resisting injustice. So we decided to pick up the flags of struggle and come out in the world and fight. During Argentina's military dictatorship, 30000 people disappeared. This was the first erosion of people's rights. Then the IMF lent money to the government of a dictator, an assassin. They legitimized his killings, led the way to poverty and economic genocide.
Poster on somebody's back: "Bush Lies". Signature campaign against discrimination against the Nepalese. A poster exhibition. Vox Pop. Delegates from different countries endorse "Another World is Possible". Shots of t-shirt slogans: "say NO to sexual harrasement" on black, "Labour Rights are Human Rights" on white, "Free Palestine" on green, "Doing the Empire's Dirty Work: IMF World Bank" on white, "Truthfulness Benevolence, Forbearance" on yellow, "Support Tea Workers / United for Just Tea Trade" on white, "Workers Unite to Build Another World" on red, "Power to People" on black, "Together in action for CHANGE" on white, "LET'S SAY NO TO CHILD LABOUR" on orange, Che on grey-
Song of Guantanamera on the track. Shot of the performance at the exhibition on Baghdad. Shots of the young audience participating animatedly against Iraq invasion song. Pan shot of long banner: Don't' Owe Won't Pay.
After the performance comes to the mike the old Nora Cortains from Argentina and raises slogan instinctively. Interview With Nora Cortinas. As Nora speaks we see photographs from Madres de plaza de Mayo protest.
another world is possible
madres de plaza de mayon
mothers of the disappeared
personal and political
protest art and music
t shirt messages
Sajjad Lone: I am a Kashmiri Muslim. It's my land, I belong to this place. It's everything to me. What we are seeing today is that two countries that is India and Pakistan have tailored a set of definitions wherein they define what means what this political concepts mean and we Kashmiris are battling Indian and Pakistani definations on the ground. The source of definitions is not Kashmir. The source is India and Pakistan but Kashmir is a battle ground where two opposite points of view battle each other in a savage and a primitive manner. They have tailored a set of definitions wherein they define what means what this political concepts mean and we Kashmiris are battling Indian and Pakistani definations on the ground. The source of definitions is not Kashmir. The source is India and Pakistan but Kashmir is a battle ground where two opposite points of view battle each other in a savage and a primitive manner. The point today which is most important is what is the way forward? Are we in a position to end violence. We have to go beyond traditional ways to try and see if we can psychologically unite each other, philosophically communicate with each other and go beyond border disputes, go beyond geography for that magnanimity will have to be in abundance."
Shots of the Exhibition of Gujarat carnage 2002. Shot from a film on Gujarat carnage playing. Nawal El Saddawi walks along the exhibition. Sajjad Lone from Kashmir speaks at a conference. Shots of the audience.
gujarat people's forum
Mustafa Barghouti: First of all what we see in Palestine now is a situation where in a very small area which is occupied. You have seven hundred fifty seven check points cutting the country into pieces. People cannot move from one place to the other for three years now. A trip that would usually take forty five minutes for instance from Rammala to Hebron would take now thirteen hours and the person would have to change the car eleven times. Twenty five of our doctors and nurses have been shot and killed while they were trying to provide medical care. Fifty five women had to give birth at check points.
Thirty three of them lost their babies. And in our experience as Palestinians we know that..
Thirty three of them lost their babies. And in our experience as Palestinians we know that. we cannot be free as people if women in Palestine are not also free. We also had an experience in the ? where many political forces said wait let's have independence first and then the issue of women and democracy can come latter it's not true, because we did not solve the problem of women because we internally did not solve the problem of democracy we did not
achieve independence. We cannot be free as people if women in Palestine are not also free. We also had an experience in the ? where many political forces said wait let's have independence first and then the issue of women and democracy can come latter it's not true, because we did not solve the problem of women because we internally did not solve the problem of democracy we did not achieve independence.
Palestine National Initiative leader Mustafa Barghouti speaks in WSF plenary on Conflict.
gender and political power
middle east conflict
women and democracy
wsf plenary on conflict
Nawal El Sasdawi.: We cannot have equality between just women and men or democracy in Egypt, and there is no democracy in the world.
We cannot have equality between just women and men or democracy in Egypt, and there is no democracy in the world. They propagate in the media that Islam is terrorist, terrorist in Islam, dictatorship in Islam, as if there is no dictatorship in Christianity, or Judaism or any other.
They propagate in the media that Islam is terrorist, terrorist in Islam, dictatorship in Islam, as if there is no dictatorship in Christianity, or Judaism or any other. George Bush is a dictator, you know, and go to Iraq and kill people for the oil, then how can we have equality between men and women in Egypt, or in Afghanistan? So we have to connect global dictatorship with local dictatorship, and to eradicate this global and local dictatorship in this hopefully another world.
Nawal El Sasdawi.from Egypt speaks in a conference.
nawal el sadawi
Outdoor. Long zoom out shot of the rally of Japanese peace activist. Long yellow banner pronounces: Let's Create World Without War.A little signs on the anti war signature campaign. A musk of George Bush. Street theatre group Jana Natya Manch (People's Theatre Group) leads anti-Bush rally with a Bush impersonator. Interview excerpt of Ramsey Clark, former US Attorney General.
Janna Natya Manch show of 'Bush means Plant' in stage Faiz. The actors take out the Bush musk and hold it upside down. The inside of the skull is hollow.
Shot of an exhibit in the Baghdad exhibition. A woman in burkha holds up a poster, many other faces behind her. The poster reads: Empty Warhead: found in White House.
At the site of exhibition on Baghdad. Track shot through the wall of posters on Protest against Iraq invasions from all over the world in many languages. Wide shot of people moving around the tall ware house where the exhibition is mounted. The space and the installations of posters, banners, photographs, memorablia hung from the high ceiling create a busy town square feel. Some nurses in uniform watch the laminated black & white photographs. Some Tibetan delegates strole around. Over all these visuals lay the interview of Dennis Halliday, former UN assistant secretary general.
I've been doing this for most of my adult life, but I mean I went to Vietnam, North Vietnam, during the bombing protested for weeks there. George Bush is only a new extreme. It's only the newcomers that think there's something radically different. As I've said earlier, we've had 125 major military interventions in our history, and not a single one has benefited the people of the country that we intervened in.
Play 'Bush means Plant'
- open up his head.
- It's (Bush's skull) empty, it's absolutely empty!
An actor with the musk of Tony Blair dances and sings:
"Amreeka Zindabad"(Viva America !)
I served in Iraq, as head of the United Nation's Oil for Food program. I was taking instructions from the Security Council dominated by the United States and Britain. Our instructions were to facilitate the, to diminish the damage, you might say, of the sanctions regime against the people of Iraq. And I refused to do that. Now many of us probably thought sanctions were less dangerous than warfare, but in fact, sanctions turned out to be a weapon of mass destruction. They are genocidal and after twelve years, we killed in Iraq, well over a million people, the majority of whom would have been children. Totally innocent children who weren't born, many of them, when Iraq invaded Kuwait.
My message to George Bush is to resign. Save mankind from the Judaeo-Christian, conservative, born-again, crazy Christian right side, and give the world back to the people who understand the value of culture and difference, of different peoples, races, cultures, religious beliefs. Let's get the world together again,and let's work on wellbeing, let's invest, not in military, let's invest in the people.
anglo-saxon christian right wing
anti-us in iraq
anti-war street play
bush means plant
christian right wing
conservative right wing
empty headed bush
former us attorney general
international peace movement
invest in peopleanti iraq war
jan natya manch
japanese rally at wsf
message to george bush
oil for food program
un humanitarian aid co-ordinator
weapons of mass destruction
wsf media centre
Medha Patkar: George Bush shouldn't just stop drinking Coca-Cola but he should stop his economic terrorism.
A British Man: I've got lots of messages for George Bush but I think I shouldn't put them all on camera.
Iranian Man (speaks in Hindi): He has killed so many people for oil. He is an international criminal.
Slogan: What do we want, no war. When do we want it , now.
A Spanish Woman (Spanish): Mr. Bush, the next president of America should be a woman. That might make it a different world.
Second Spanish Lady (Spanish)
Mr. Bush, You are the biggest terrorist in this world. The US has a president who is the worst assassin of all countries.
Tibetan Monks (interpretor): No war-with peace..that's all. We have to go with peace so there is no war. It's better for world.
(another man translates)They want peace and non-violence on this earth.
Outdoor. Medha Patkar talks to the camera crew as she walks with the fellow activists of the enviorment movement. Vox Pop: message to George Bush.
'STOP THE WAR' rally led by Chris Nineham and others. The long red banner: UK/US OUT Of IRAQ / NO CORPORATE TAKE OVER.
Close shot of a poster: WHEN BUSH COMES TO SHOVE RESIST!
Tibetan Monks speaks to the camera crew. A volunteer translates.
A banner written with lit bulbs reads: 'let's build another world'.
female us president
hating george bush
language at the wsf
message to george bush
tibetan monk at wsf
Representative of Afganistan women's group Rawa, Sahar Saba speaks in the opening of WSF 2004. Birds' eye view shot of the ground full with a 70,000 strong crowd.
Sahar Saba: Many expect that a lot of things have changed in Afghanistan. Because the United states, the western governments, and their allies in the region were kind enough to go to Afghanistan and to liberate Afghan women. But our women, uneducated women, oppressed women who didn't have any voice, they have one question. Many expect that a lot of things have changed in Afghanistan. Because the United states, the western governments, and their allies in the region were kind enough to go to Afghanistan and to liberate Afghan women. But our women, uneducated women, oppressed women who didn't have any voice, they have one question. Very simple question, and that is, if these governments were so kind enough why did it support such fundamentalists? Many people believed that the United States must be
tried for its war crimes in Afghanistan. We strongly support this. But it shouldn't be only the crimes that happened after September 11th. The biggest crime that the United States has committed in Afghanistan, in many of other its western allies, and the allies in the region, was to support the brutal, the misogynist, fundamentalists like the Taliban, like the Jihadis, the Northern Alliance who today, with the support of the United States again are ruling Afghanistan.
war against women
women against war
women and fundamentalism
wsf plenary on women and war
Palestian delegate(Member of Women in Black group): We the Palestinian women, citizen of Israel, in 1987. We and our friends the Israeli women went out on the streets and We screamed in one voice that we refuse to be only the good mothers and good daughters. We want to lead this land to peace.
I feel it is going to be increasingly difficult for us to speak about Muslim fundamentalism in certain contexts. How can one speak about Muslim fundamentalism in India after the genocide in Gujarat? How can one speak about Muslim fundamentalism in Palestine when it is occupied by Israel and how can one speak about Muslim fundamentalism in Iraq when it is bombed and occupied by the U.S? But still we have to do it and we have to do it here amongst ourselves, making a big difference between Muslims and fundamentalists.
Shots of programme by the Women in Black international coalition. Women from many countries and races, attired in black, light lamps and candles on the ground and hold their placard around that. Women in Black group programme on stage Faiz. A man plays mandoline. Maria Mies ( Marxist-Feminist Scholar, Germany) speaks on stage.
war against women
white on black
women against war
women in black
wsf plenary on women and war
Arundhati Roy: Whats wrong with what happened to the women in Gujarat? It always happens. George Fernandes said something like that in the Parliament. We all saw him saying it on television. But I want to say something which is disturbing to us, as feminists, as women and that is that women participated in that violence against women. Women participated in that Hindutva agenda. Women voted for Narendra Modi. : And this is something which we must work on. You know it isn't enough for us to always blame somebody else. We do these things to ourselves too. And we have to really get to those women and say what were you doing? What were you thinking when you watched someone who lives next door to you being gang raped and burnt alive. What were you thinking when you cast your vote for people that can do that. Because if they can do that to somebody else soon they will do it to you.
Writer Arundhati Roy speaks at the opening programme.
WSF plenary on women and war
gender violence in gujarat
violence against women
war against women
women against war
women and hindutva
Habib Tanvir and group sings:
Blood is after all blood,
Once spilt, it runs its course
Oppression overreaches itself
And leads to its own destruction
Blood is blood
Unseen in the dust of the desert
Or staining the cuff of the killer
Manifest in the weight of injustice
Or trapped in the prisoner's shackles.
Whether blood congeals on
The tip of the spear,
Or on the corpse
Of the slaughtered one
Blood is blood
It takes hold where it falls
Even oppression has its limit
When crossed, it is brought to its end
Blood is a crazy one
Yes, it will cling to the hem.
Of your scarf
Blood is a hungry flame
It will lap a your bower's edge
You know , it's Blood
It begets a hundred faces
Such faces ... try as you will.
They will not be erased
Such embers- try as you might
They will not die away
And calls to arms ... try as you will
They will not be suppressed
Blood in the end, is blood
If you spill it, it will spread
How far will oppression go
Before it meets its end
Blood is- blood
Shots of "Women in Black against War on Iraq". Women wearing black stand in a row holding candles and posters written in white on black and painted warli motifs. Tibetan monks chant prayers. Shots of 20 feet long curtain of soof (patchwork) being made at the venue ground. At stage Brecht. Naya theatre (New theatre) performs their play Jis Lahore Nei Dikhya (the ones who have not seen Lahore). Thespian Habib Tanvir sings with his group of Chhatisgarhi actors. Habib, The octogenarian revolutionary actor sings with great passion to the appreciative WSF crowd. The play ends with loud applause.
khoon phir khoon hai
women in black
Early morning preparation for the forum. A woman is sweeping the ground, two rural men read newpaper, people are slowly coming in. Soft sunlight of mid morning. WSF ground is preparing for another heady days of protest, debate, performance, exchange and network. Audience in one large plenary session. George Monbiot, political writer from UK address the plenary.
A tableaux of people with drums, artificial horse and other props enter a conference hall shouting slogam. They are determined to break the solemnity of the talk shop culture.
George Monbiot: And if you don't think moral authority can work look at what happened last year at the World Social Forum. Jim Wolfenshon , President of the World Bank one of the most man on earth applied on bended knee to come and speak with World Social Forum, Why? Because he recognizes we have more legitimacy than he does and he wanted to wrap himself in that legitimacy and what did the World Social Forum say to him? They told him to bugger-off , that is where power lies, power lies where moral authority is and already already we have that power.
rally nahin yeh ralla hai
world social forum
wsf plenary on social movements
Bablu: We thought we'd be bored here, and we'd just stay together, but we've become friends with people from other countries, and we've had a lot of fun together.
I like the people speaking and friendly and giving everyone equal opportunity
Schoolgirl in uniform:
People can speak their mind, they can say whatever they want to, they can protest on the streets. It is really nice.
Slogans by LGBT activists: (Hindi)
We have fallen in love and been accepted /
so what if we are gay.
Grazia Francescato: Should the social movement remain an independent force of pressure on political parties which are or will be governing or should the social movement itself express its objective as part of political power and this as an alternate position will imply de facto transformation into a new political body similar to the existing ones. So, we must avoid to give an ideal picture. of a social movement versed as the nasty political party because at least in political parties like in trade unions works do take place. On the one side political parties want to be the voice of social movements. On the other the social movements ask political parties to carry their claims in the institutions it sounds ideal but political parties have to make compromise on the actual way they weight in society and the social movements cannot accept this compromise because it does not reflect the original claim and therefore betrayed by the political parties. But if at the end of the day we feel that this partnership cannot be possible then the social moment will have no other way than to create it's own political force within the establishment of a democratic and international organization and this is indeed an ever debate.
Outdoor. Young members of the child right groups give interview.
Shots of rally on rights to sexuality. Colourful participants from roups of sex workers, hijra, trangendered and gay & lesbian groups make a lively road show. Their posters read: Judge not, Support. My gender, My right. Reapeal IPC 377. Hijras are Women. Support Rainbow Planet.
Performance of the Brazilian youth band ... Instituto at the Opening ceremony.
With the music of Instituto a robust rally inside the conference hall. Academic, activism and culture overlapping and complimenting each other in WSF.
Grazia Francescato addresses a conference. Audience of several nationalities and races
brazillian hip hop band
children at wsf mumbai
gay hua tho kya hua
hijras in wsf procession
school children at wsf
wsf main stage
George Monbiot: You can't belong to the Left and not be split because we really believe in it. We are not obsessed by power in the way the Right is obsessed by power and the Right's obsession with power overrides all other considerations and they are focusing on that and they are not divided in the way we are. But we really believe in the things we stand for - we really have principles and ideals and those principles and ideals are different from person to person so you never have a completely united Left or progressive force anywhere on earth. That is an impossibility. That being said, we are seeing a degree of international solidarity which has perhaps never been present before.
Interview with George Monbiot at a an empty conference hall. Behind him we can see the large industrial space which has been otherwise covered by the great mass of WSF. The hall reminds us of the death of industry in the city of Bombay.
A group of women (Portuguese):
We are from Brazil. Another world is possible.
Arabian couple (Arabic):
Another world is possible.
We want to say another world is possible.
A group of Indian women in red (Dancing)
Possible, possible, another world is possible.
Two Colombian men speak in Spanish
Another world is possible
Interview with Sameer Amin:
Changes do not happen just because a few intellectuals here and there imagine something different, changes needs actors and actors are social forces- people organized or more or less organized, in one way or the other and this is what is happening presently and in the movements. I do not, I do not think that changes can be produced exclusively from below. From below - it starts from below but at
certain points it has to crystallize into a political project and then change the things, changes the balance of forces at least at the level of power decision. Nobody would have imagined say in the early nineties that within ten years or so there will be such a huge movement, such huge movements of protest everywhere in the world. Including in the centre, including in the United States, including in Japan and also of course, everywhere in the south nobody would have imagined that.
Outdoor. A cycle rickshaw decked by posters passes by. A group of Brazilian women give sound bite. An Arab couple inside the exhibition hall. The stalls are visible in the background. In the ground. A Keralite man in Kathakali make up gives sound bite. His call is picked up by the Tamil women's group. Clad in red saree t-shirts and crown like caps they dance to the tune of 'Another world is possible'. Two Coloumbian man echo the WSF slogan. They raise their fist with their camera. like. Indoor. Interview with Sameer Amin. On his interview are shots of the signature campaign.
another world is possible
nesco grounds main drag
women in red saris
A montage of excerpts of different rallies, processions, concerns, agendas and solidarity at WSF 2004.
Artists ON STILTS, activists with lips musks- women shouting slogans against fundamentalism, rally of Bhopal Gas Pidit (Victims of Bhopal Gas), 'STOP THE WAR' rally, Baloch rally, Spartacus rally. A street play in Hindi ' Ghotala Rathyatra' (Journey of corruption on a chariot) ... a spoof on BJP's rathyatra, people join the actor in his popular rhetoric. IMF Out of the South! People pass come the camera in waves ... singing, dancing, drumming, documenting- Japanese delegates sing 'The Internationale-' With that sound on the track a few Indian women pass holding a banner: "Until the loins have their own historians, the history will be written by the hunters"' a South African proverb. Late in the night at the WSF ground ... a small group play guitar and hum 'The Internationale'. Somebody records on the video camera, shot of the LCD. Slowly a motley group of people gather dancing around them. World Social Forum 2004 comes to an end.
Slogans shouted in many languages.
bhopal gas pidit
mother of all rallies
south african proverb
stop the war
victims of bhopal gas
waves of people
world social forum 2004